Lennart Maschmeyer is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies at ETH Zurich. He holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Toronto and an MPhil in International Relations from the University of Oxford. Lennart’s research examines the nature of cyber power, the operational dynamics involved in using different instruments of power and their resulting strategic utility. His other research interests include past and current intelligence operations and the role of non-state actors in cyber conflict. Lennart is the founder co-chair of the FIRST Threat Intel Coalition SIG, an initiative to assist vulnerable civil society organizations in preventing, detecting and mitigating cyber attacks.